Aetiology: Meaning, Pronunciation, Synonyms

Aetiology, also spelled as etiology, refers to the study or investigation of the causes or origins of diseases, disorders, or phenomena. It is a branch of medical science that focuses on understanding the factors that contribute to the development of various conditions.

Pronunciation: ee-tee-ol-uh-jee

Synonyms: causation, etiology, origin, source, reason, grounds

Nearby Words

1. Cause (noun) – కారణం, కారకం
Example: The cause of his illness was determined to be a bacterial infection.

2. Origin (noun) – మూలం, ఉత్పత్తి
Example: The origin of this tradition can be traced back to ancient times.

3. Factor (noun) – ఫాక్టర్, కారణం
Example: Smoking is a major risk factor for developing lung cancer.

4. Reason (noun) – కారణం, కారకం
Example: The reason for his absence from work was a family emergency.


The antonym of aetiology in Telugu is “పరిణామం” (parināmaṁ), which means “effect” or “consequence”.

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